07 Organic Chemistry


    1. Tetrahedral Carbon – Alkanes
    2. Tetrahedral Carbon – Chloroalkanes
    3. Tetrahedral Carbon – Alcohols
    4. Planar Carbon – Alkenes
    5. Planar Carbon – Aldehydes
    6. Planar Carbon – Ketones
    7. Planar Carbon – Carboxylic Acids
    8. Planar Carbon – Esters
    9. Bonding in Benzene
    10. Planar Carbon – Aromatic Compounds
    11. Organic Natural Products
    12. Polymers
    13. Revision of Carbon Chemistry and Functional Groups
    14. Addition Reactions
    15. Mechanism of Ionic Addition
    16. Polymerisation Reactions
    17. Substitution Reactions
    18. Mechanism of Free Radical Substitution
    19. Preparation of Soap
    20. Elimination Reactions
    21. Reactions as Acids
    22. Organic Synthesis
    23. Organic Reactions
    24. Practical Precautions of Organic Practicals
    25. Preparation of Clove Oil
    26. Organic Redox Reactions
    27. Instrumentation
    28. Chromatography
    29. Mass Spectrometry
    30. Infrared Spectroscopy
    31. Reaction Mechanisms – Heterolytic Fission
    32. Intel Organic Preparations
    33. 7.3.5 Reaction Mechanisms – Homolytic Fission


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Tetrahedral Molecular Geometry and Bond Angles Explained

Allotropes of Carbon


Alkanes: Properties

Alkanes and Alkenes

Reactions of Alkenes 1

Testing for alkenes using bromine water


Useful Products From Organic Sources

Reduction of Carbonyl Compounds

General Formula of Homologous Series

Carboxylic Acids

Carboxylic Acids, Typical Acids and Esters

Carboxylic Acids

Crude Oil and Hydrocarbons



The Story of Cosmetics

Hydrocarbon Power

Solvent Extraction

Isolation of Clove Oil from Cloves

Reactions of Alkenes 1

Reactions of Alkenes 2

Electrophilic Addition


Addition Polymers

Condensation Polymers

Addition and Substitution Reactions

Saponification: Making Soap

Oxidation and Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones

Using Tollen’s Reagent to Test for Aldehydes (Silver Mirror Test)

Paper Chromatography

Chromatography Practical

Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)

Paper and Thin Layer Chromatography

Gas Chromatography

High Performance Liquid Chromatography

Column Chromatograph (RSC)

Ultraviolet/Visible Spectroscopy (UV-Vis)

RSC Atomic Spectroscope – Sampling and Analysis of Soil

Spectroscopy in a Suitcase: Using a UV-Vis Spectrometer

Infrared Spectroscopy (RSC)

The Electromagnetic Spectrum (NASA)


Sample Question on Benzoic Acid
Testing the Solubilities of Organic Solvents


  1. Organic Chemistry #1 (Online Matching Quiz)
  2. Organic Chemistry #2 (Online Matching Quiz)
  3. Organic Chemistry #3 (Online Matching Quiz)
  4. Organic Families (Online Matching Quiz)
  5. Matching Names with Formulae (Online Matching Quiz)
  6. Aldehydes (Online Gap Filling Quiz)

Study Cards

Syllabus & Exam Material


Mandatory Practicals

Recrystallisation of Benzoic Acid and Determination of its Melting Point
7.1 Complete
7.1a Student
7.1b Student
7.1 Teacher

Preparation of Benzoic Acid (Teachers Workshop in Cork)

Extraction of Clove Oil by Steam Distillation

7.6 Complete
7.6 Student
7.6 Teacher

To Extract Clove Oil from Cloves by Steam Distillation

Extraction of Eugenol by LIquid-Liquid Extraction

The oxidation of phenylmethanol to benzoic acid with potassium manganate(VII) solution in alkaline conditions.

7.5 The oxidation of phenylmethanol to benzoic acid
7.5 Benzoic acid Preparation (Revised)
FAQs on benzoic acid preparation (Word)
Oxidation of Phenylmethanol to Benzoic Acid with Alkaline Potassium Permanganate

Phenylmethanol to Benzoic Acid

Preparation of Soap

7.2 Student
7.2 Complete
7.2 Teacher

Reactions of Ethanoic Acid

Reactions of Ethanal

High Performance Liquid Chromatography

Extra Material

RSC Instrumentation Fies


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